Geography and Climate
Watson Lake lies in the Liard Basin ecoregion, an area of low hills separated by broad plains, surrounded by mountains and plateaus. The low elevation, moderate precipitation and relatively long, warm summers result in vigorous forest growth.
The extensive boreal forest of the Liard Basin includes prime habitat for caribou, moose, marten, snowshoe hare and lynx.
Thousands of Sandhill Cranes migrate through the Liard Basin Ecoregion each spring and fall, following the Frances and Liard valleys.
Because of its location and physiographic features, Watson Lake is subject to great variation in climate from year to year. The coldest month is January and the warmest temperatures are in July.
Watson Lake winters are characterized by relatively cold temperatures with daylight hours as short as 6.5 hours but with a high incidence of sunshine. Summer boasts warmer temperatures with as much as 20 hours of sunlight per day.
Permafrost generally does not exist in the community or in the immediate vicinity. However, there are some scattered permafrost pockets in certain isolated areas.
The driest month is April and the wettest month is September, with December as the month with the greatest average snowfall.
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