For generations, people of the Kwanlin Dün First Nation and Ta'an Kwäch'än Council have lived along the Yukon River in the area of present-day Whitehorse. Stone tools tell of ancestors who were here just after the last ice age, harvesting salmon and hunting caribou and bison. The banks of the river were lined with fish camps, lookout points, hunting trails, burial sites and meeting places.
The Kwanlin Dun First Nation is home to over a thousand aboriginal people. The original people are of Tagish Kwan ancestry however today Kwanlin Dün
includes people from all over the Yukon and Canada. Because of this, Kwanlin Dün First Nation (KDFN) is the largest in the Yukon. In the Southern Tutchone language, Kwanlin Dün means people of the rapids
The traditional territory of the Ta'an Kwäch'än people is concentrated around Lake Laberge, Lower Takhini River and Fox Lake.
The Ta'an also frequented areas around Whitehorse and north along the Yukon River as far as Hootalinqua. The Ta'an Kwäch'än are Southern Tutchone. In Southern Tutchone, Ta'an Kwäch'än means head of the lake people.
Today, both First Nations have settled land claims and are self-governing First Nations ; both provide an extensive variety of programs and services for their community members.